Coming to Germany – the country of a historical period that greatly influenced the world order, you cannot ignore the historical sites. And Auschwitz Birkenau prison is one such place.
Located in the western part of Malopolskie province, on the Sola river, the town of Auschwitz – a symbol of human misfortune. During World War II, the Nazis built in this Auschwitz town the largest extermination concentration camp in human history, the KL Auschwitz Birkenau camp, which claimed the lives of 1.5 million people.
From Warsaw to Auschwitz camp is about four or five hours by bus (300km), but from the ancient capital Krakow, it only takes about forty-five minutes (50km). This is the largest prison that the Nazis and Hitler have set up to detain and gradually kill people of Jewish origin, prisoners of war, Gypsy people, homosexuals…
Arriving at Auschwitz Birkenau, the first image that appears is the dense barbed wire fence. Because it was Auschwitz prison, it had a very difficult terrain because it was surrounded by rivers, it was difficult for prisoners to escape. When Hitler and the Nazis chose this area on Polish soil in 1940, they opened the roof and destroyed more than a thousand houses. The camp has three separate areas and forty ranges of camps for each area. When entering an area used as a museum with many artifacts, I read the words: “The one who does not remember history is bound to live through it again” roughly translated as: “Those who do not study history History will let history repeat itself.” Knowing this sentence of Mr. George Santayana.
Inside the Auschwitz camp, there is a compound used as a place for cruel experiments by many doctors, led by Josef Mengele. Healthy prisoners, twins or people with a physical defect are all brought here to be experimental animals. The terror of the victims is seen as excruciating here as they were slowly dying through brutal experiments, many going insane before they were killed.
In recognition that the Auschwitz Birkenau camp was a symbol of human misfortune, the Polish government turned it into a museum in 1947, and in 1967 the International Memorial to the Dead was built. build. In 1979, Unesco recognized the site as a World Heritage Site of Humanity.
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